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Antequera Places of Interest

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Antequera Places of Interest

Few people have an artistic and monumental heritage such as Antequera's, with over fifty civic and religious buildings, as well as archaeological sites.

Archaeological remains- The most important are the so-called "Dolmenes de Antequera", consisting of three graves that preserve the original mound.
Dolmen of Menga, is dated 2500 years b. C., it is an oval chamber forming a covered gallery highlights the roof slab, about 6mts long and almost 7mts wide and it weighs approximately 180 tons, the approximate length of the whole structure is about 28 meters.
Dolmen of Romeral, it is the most modern of the three, it is located in the 1800 b. C. and presents some differences, such as a large gallery of about 26mts that leads to a funerary chamber, to continue with a smaller one dedicated to the offerings. It presents another difference such as the use of masonry walls and vaults.
Dolmen de Viera, it is estimated to belong to the Chalcolithic from the year 2000 a. C., built on an elevation, it is a gallery tomb covered with a mound of 50m in diameter, the camera is formed by five large slabs and the corridor is fully preserved.
There are also important remains of the Roman period, as the settlement of Gallumbar, the hot springs at the foot of the Collegiate, the Villa of the station and the area of Singilia Barba.

Royal Collegiate of Santa Maria Maggiore- It is a National Monument. Built by architect Pedro del Campo between 1514 and 1550, it is the first building designed in the Renaissance style in Spain. It has Basilica plan with three naves separated by Ionic columns, covered with wooden frames of Moorish style. The main chapel has Florentine type windows covered with a Mudejar Gothic vault. It is remarkable its impressive facade, certainly the most monumental of Antequera, it was built following the scheme of the triumphal arch and it is made entirely in stone. The Tower from the XVII century is a clashing added the rest of the set. The interior is devoid of ornamental and altarpieces, because the Church does not engage in worship, but to exhibitions and concerts.

Real Colegiata de San Sebastian- Its construction was began between the years 1540-1548, originally it was built as a church, becoming Royal Collegiate in 1692, undergoing through a major transformation and beautification. It has a beautiful Renaissance façade divided into three parts, the lower forms columns of Corinthian capitals, the second part with niches with carved balusters and S. Peter S. Paul and S. Sebastian, on the upper arms of Emperor Charles V. It is important its brick tower constructed by maestro Andrés Burgueño in Baroque style, crowned with a weathervane angel, known as the Angelote. The tower is considered one of the symbols of the city.

Carmen's Church- This National Monument, is one of the most important in Antequera. Its construction is dated between 1583 and 1663 and it belonged to the Carmelite Order shoes. The church, with some variations, following the Moorish model of Granada, with a nave, a chancel and side chapels well defined. On the side of the Epistle, there is the Capilla de la Soledad, which is an independent church with its nave and chancel. Of note is the Mudejar covering the nave, the plasterwork of the dome and walls, the majesty of the three altars in the Chapel, considered by its beauty and fundamental significance in the Andalusian Baroque altarpiece.

Church of Santa Maria de Jesus- Its construction began in mid-century XVI, the work lasted nearly 90 years, belonging to a Franciscan convent, during this time it has undergone many reforms, and it was nearly destroyed during the French invasion. The most interesting is the chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Mercy, whose dressing-room, XVIII century, is decorated with beautiful plasterwork. In the rest of the Church there are important sculptures such as the one of Jesus and the Cross of Jerusalem, as well as paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds and the Veronica.





San Pedro's Church- Its building began in 1522, Renaissance style, it is covered with a Gothic vault. Of note is the Capilla de las Animas decorated with plasterwork, also of note it is the sculpture of Cristo de las Penas, XVII century, which has the peculiarity of having the arms nearly vertical. Another interesting piece is the baptismal font from the XVI century, done with red limestone from the Torcal.

San Juan Bautista's Church- Its construction was completed in 1584 and it is part of the columnar Renaissance churches of Antequera. The austere facade, and the outside appearance have a negative impact on it, but inside is where we find a jewel of Baroque in Andalucía. The plant type basilica with three naves is divided by columns of Tuscan type, with round arches on each side. The nave is covered with wood trusses between Moorish and Renaissance style. In the chapel you can admire an extraordinary altarpiece made in 1649 by maestro Toribio Sánchez Calvo. In the Chapel of the Souls features the image of the Christ of the Health and Water, one of the most venerated of Antequera.

Convent Church of Our Lady of Remedies- The works of the Church began in 1628, after the congregation of Franciscan Third moved to Antequera, due to an increased devotion to the Virgen de los Remedios, who was named patroness of the city in 1546. The cover of the Church is quite simple, it highlights a porch and a belfry made of stone. The plant is a Latin cross with a nave higher than the sides, where there are several chapels. The altarpiece of the Church, is one of the most beautiful of Antequera, held at the XVIII century by Antonio Rivera. Behind the altar is the chapel of the Virgin made in 1707, the whole complex is decorated with magnificent plasterwork. The original sculpture of the patron image is from the XVI century, although there have been subsequent amendments. We must also mention, the Rococo boudoir of the Virgin del Transito, the epistle of Christ de las Suertes from the XVI century and the large canvas with the representation of the delivery of the Virgen de los Remedios Fray Martin de las Cruces by the Apostle Santiago.





Convent Church of Santo Domingo- At the beginning of XVII century, work began on the present Church and remains the main doorway of the facade, the armor of Mudejar style of the nave, which has a colorful polychrome coffered ceiling of the choir. The interior of the temple has undergone through many alterations and modifications since its initial construction and we can admire: In the chapel two huge neoclassical altarpieces, including one chaired by the image of Jesus Nazareno, work done in 1581 by Diego de Vega. In the Epistle ship we can admire the Chapel of Our Lady of the Rosary and it is to highlight the door of the tabernacle, carved and embossed silver, wich is considered one of the most important Baroque goldsmith of Antequera. Also the sculpture of the Virgin, made in 1587 by Juan Vazquez de Vega. And for paintings, highlights the table of the epidemic, dedicated to the Virgen del Rosario.

Real Monastery of San Zoilo- It belongs to the Order of the Observant Franciscans. The construction of the church is situated at the beginning of the XVI century, late Gothic style, of irregular shape with three naves, the one of the Evangelio, with seven sections and the Epistle with just two. Still retain some original vaults of the Gothic period and the home of the Church made in sandstone. It also highlights inside the coverage of the nave with a wooden frame of Mudejar style. The current high altar is the work of Antonio Palomo, who is from Antequera, with rococo-neoclassical style. In the nave of the Gospel is the chapel of the Brotherhood of Blood Flagellants, which highlights the great dome and Baroque cabin of Jesus the Nazarene, the Nazarene image was made in 1580 by Diego de Vega.

San Jose's Church and the Convent of las Carmelitas Descalzas of Santa Teresa- The Convent was founded in 1632 and later 1707-1734 the church was built, which is considered one of the best performances of Baroque from Antequera, the wonderful façade is attributed to Thomas Melgarejo, it has a cover of two bodies made of carving brick. The plan of the church is a Latin cross nave. Inside should be emphasized that decorate the church altar and the sculptures of Santa Teresa and San José, as well as the paintings hanging on its walls wich are of considerable interest, highlights the painting depicting the Virgin and Child being adored by San Gabriel, San Miguel, Santa Catalina and San Ildefonso.



The Alcazaba.- Located on a small hill in what was the walled area of the Medina Islamic. The castle consists of a rectangular space with two towers, with windows and different openings, some of them topped with arch and Gothic elements. The Tower of the tribute, also known as "Torre Papabellotas" is the most important part of the entire building on it, in 1582, was built a temple bell to shelter the mayor bell in the city. Attached to it through the wall is the White Tower, which is surprising for the perfect execution of its plant stalls, it has two floors above the height of the wall, the interior is coated with different styles of brick vault. There are kept other important buildings such as the Twisted Tower, the Tower of Albarrana Star, The Christian Door, La Puerta del Agua..., etc. The group was declared a National Monument in 1993.

Other places worthy of great beauty and interest are: The Church of Santiago XVI century, the churches of the Capuchins and Our Lady of Loreto, century XVII. The convents of Victory, St. Augustine and the Incarnation of the s. XVI, Belen and Trinidad century XVII. Important monuments such as: The Arc of the Giants, the Tower of Assault, the Gates of Malaga and Granada and the Mirador Niña de Antequera, where you can see a good perspective of the city.



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