Antequera Places of Interest
Few people have an artistic and monumental heritage such as Antequera's, with over fifty civic and religious buildings, as well as archaeological sites.
Archaeological remains- The most important are the so-called "Dolmenes de Antequera", consisting of three graves that preserve the original mound.
Dolmen of Menga, is dated 2500 years b. C., it is an oval chamber forming a covered gallery highlights the roof slab, about 6mts long and almost 7mts wide and it weighs approximately 180 tons, the approximate length of the whole structure is about 28 meters.
Dolmen of Romeral, it is the most modern of the three, it is located in the 1800 b. C. and presents some differences, such as a large gallery of about 26mts that leads to a funerary chamber, to continue with a smaller one dedicated to the offerings. It presents another difference such as the use of masonry walls and vaults.
Dolmen de Viera, it is estimated to belong to the Chalcolithic from the year 2000 a. C., built on an elevation, it is a gallery tomb covered with a mound of 50m in diameter, the camera is formed by five large slabs and the corridor is fully preserved.
There are also important remains of the Roman period, as the settlement of Gallumbar, the hot springs at the foot of the Collegiate, the Villa of the station and the area of Singilia Barba.
Royal Collegiate of Santa Maria Maggiore- It is a National Monument. Built by architect Pedro del Campo between 1514 and 1550, it is the first building designed in the Renaissance style in Spain. It has Basilica plan with three naves separated by Ionic columns, covered with wooden frames of Moorish style. The main chapel has Florentine type windows covered with a Mudejar Gothic vault. It is remarkable its impressive facade, certainly the most monumental of Antequera, it was built following the scheme of the triumphal arch and it is made entirely in stone. The Tower from the XVII century is a clashing added the rest of the set. The interior is devoid of ornamental and altarpieces, because the Church does not engage in worship, but to exhibitions and concerts.
Real Colegiata de San Sebastian- Its construction was began between the years 1540-1548, originally it was built as a church, becoming Royal Collegiate in 1692, undergoing through a major transformation and beautification. It has a beautiful Renaissance façade divided into three parts, the lower forms columns of Corinthian capitals, the second part with niches with carved balusters and S. Peter S. Paul and S. Sebastian, on the upper arms of Emperor Charles V. It is important its brick tower constructed by maestro Andrés Burgueño in Baroque style, crowned with a weathervane angel, known as the Angelote. The tower is considered one of the symbols of the city.
Carmen's Church- This National Monument, is one of the most important in Antequera. Its construction is dated between 1583 and 1663 and it belonged to the Carmelite Order shoes. The church, with some variations, following the Moorish model of Granada, with a nave, a chancel and side chapels well defined. On the side of the Epistle, there is the Capilla de la Soledad, which is an independent church with its nave and chancel. Of note is the Mudejar covering the nave, the plasterwork of the dome and walls, the majesty of the three altars in the Chapel, considered by its beauty and fundamental significance in the Andalusian Baroque altarpiece.
Church of Santa Maria de Jesus- Its construction began in mid-century XVI, the work lasted nearly 90 years, belonging to a Franciscan convent, during this time it has undergone many reforms, and it was nearly destroyed during the French invasion. The most interesting is the chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Mercy, whose dressing-room, XVIII century, is decorated with beautiful plasterwork. In the rest of the Church there are important sculptures such as the one of Jesus and the Cross of Jerusalem, as well as paintings of the Adoration of the Shepherds and the Veronica.